The attack on archaeology has begun.  Unless you’ve been excavating under a rock this past week, your social media feed has probably been full of posts regarding the Trump administration’s budget proposal that includes eliminating two cultural organizations: the National Endowment for the Arts and the National Endowment for the Humanities.  While both are equally important, my immediate focus will be on the National Endowment for the Humanities as it is the organization with which I’m most familiar.

What is the NEH?  Created in 1965, the National Endowment for the Humanities provides grants that typically go to cultural institutions, such as museums, archives, libraries, colleges, universities that help to fund essential scientific research and preservation.  Just a few of the amazing projects the NEH has provided crucial funding and support for include:

  • Providing over $800,000 in funding to fund the excavation of the Uluburun shipwreck off of the Turkish Coast.
  • Nearly $350,000 in support to fund the Jamestown Rediscovery Team.
  • Supporting the National Geographic Society and National Gallery of Art with $1 million dollars to organize the first exhibition of the artifacts from Tillya Tepe and other historically significant Afghan sites.
  • Partnering with the W. E. B. DuBois Institute for African and African American Research at Harvard University with financial support of $1,025,644 to create a Transatlantic Slave Trade Database.

These are just a few examples of the wonderful work the NEH has helped support.

Now, more than ever, the NEH needs the help and support of the people who value its mission and contributions.  We cannot allow an organization crucial to the funding of ground-breaking research to be defunded, dismantled, and discarded.  Now is the time to act.  Here is a list of things you can do to contribute to the fight:


Contact your state representatives directly.  The National Humanities Alliance is a great springboard through which you can contact your state representative.  Their site provides a boiler plate letter you can send to your state rep based on your mailing address.

You can do one better by printing out the letter and sending it through the post.  Mail in hand has a much larger impact than messages in an inbox.

Even better… hand write the letter.  Use the boiler plate as a base provided by the NHA website and include your own personal experiences.  This is the method I prefer.  I’ve received a by mail reply in the half-dozen instances I’ve chosen to hand write a letter.

Contact your state representatives through social media.  Use openstates.org to find your state legislators on social media.  Contact them through Facebook and Twitter and urge them to support the NEH.

Share your personal experiences.  Have a memory or experience associated with the NEH and the projects it supports?  You may and not even know it.  Browse this list of notable NEH funded projects.  Were you awed by the treasures of King Tut when they came to America in the late 1970s?  Have you utilized microfilm converted into digital image by NEH funds?  Your first hand experiences with NEH projects highlights how important they really are.

Start using the #SavetheNEH hashtag.  If you’re tweeting anything related to the humanities, be sure to include #SavetheNEH hashtag to build traction.

Sign this White House petition.  If the petition gathers 100,000 signatures, it will be put in a queue to be reviewed by the White House.  There’s no guarantee our new Commander-in-Chief will do anything with it, but it is worth the effort.

Stay informed of what is happening.  Share articles and news relating to the wonderful work of the NEH.  Browse their Humanities magazine.  View their In The Field web series and better acquaint yourself with the work being done.

As more information becomes available, I’ll do my best to update this page.  If a new strategy develops, I’ll be sure to share it.  Feel free to leave comments in the section below and please disperse this page through your social media outlets.


Staying busy in the off-season

In the 10 years I’ve been doing this, I’ve had the opportunity to work in both the Federal system and the CRM industry.  In either case work can ebb and flow; it is the nature of the business.  Personally, I don’t think this was emphasized enough through the course of my BA.  I thought I’d graduate and slide seamlessly into a full-time career as an archaeologist.  Is it possible?  Yes.  Did it happen to me?  No.  Will it happen to you?  Perhaps.  But if it doesn’t… that is okay!

Working as an archaeologist (field tech, shovel bum, etc.) is a wonderful experience.  Who wouldn’t be happy with a full-time gig?  But if you’re seasonal or work in an area where the weather is just plain shit for some part of the year, my hope is you’ll see your situation as a natural part of the process and something that most archaeologists go through.  Being part-time or seasonal is how more than 50% of archaeologists work.

I want to highlight a few of the ways in which I stay busy in both the off-season and amidst times when field work is sparse.  Veterans of the field are likely familiar with this dance, but I’m writing more for the people who haven’t been doing this for long, or those who may still be in University and are thinking about making a career out of shovelbumming.  The point I want to drive home in the next few hundred words is that the end of the season or slumps in work will not result in the apocalypse; in fact you have the potential to become a better person because of it.

Initially this list was pretty lengthy, but I’ve simmered it down to what I feel are the three things you should prioritize.  I left out ‘searching for your next job’ because that should be obvious.  Anyway…

First and foremost I’m a dad, so slumps in fieldwork leave me with more family time.  If you’re a parent, you understand your kids are your life.  If you’re not a parent, chances are you have something else you love above all else; pets, plants… writing hot and humid archaeology based fiction.  My first recommendation should come as a no-brainer: when you’re not digging, spend the time doing what you love most with who you love most.  My family just finished a cross-country move.  Every minute we’re not at work or at school, our little family is out exploring new places.  A break in field work means more time to explore!  Now all the things we couldn’t cram into a weekend can happen easily.  Get in what you can in the off-season; cram your off time with quality EXPERIENCES because when the next break in field work happens, you can look back with satisfaction at those past adventures instead of remembering how bloody f-ing bored you were.


Aside from archaeology and my awesome little fam, I’m incredibly passionate about fitness.  I’ve been involved with CrossFit since 2007 and have worked as a coach at two boxes (CrossFit gyms).  CrossFit is fun; it helps me alleviate stress and keep my GPP (general physical preparedness) high.  GPP is something I like to talk about a lot with my athletes, especially those who are new to the sport.  GPP as it relates to archaeology should be defined as being prepared for all aspects of work in the field; walking long distances, carrying heavy or unbalanced objects, being able to execute repetitive motions both efficiently and effectively, and amidst it all: avoid injury.

You’ve all seen this in a job posting before:

The work is performed outdoors in rugged terrain to include very steep, wet, muddy, rough, uneven or rocky surfaces. Positions require physical exertions, such as, bending, crouching, stooping, stretching, reaching, or similar activities. Candidates must be able to walk 8-10 miles a day carrying loads in excess of 50 pounds.

I can’t tell you how many times I’ve worked with people who either didn’t take this seriously or despite several field seasons still aren’t prepared.  I understand that a majority of University upbringings don’t really highlight the physical demands of archaeological field work, but if you’ve been doing this for multiple seasons, what is your excuse for not being field ready?  If you’re in between sessions, now is the time to capitalize on your GPP.  This will prepare you for what’s to come on your next job, help cope with the stress associated with job shopping, and improve your self-esteem.


When I worked for the Forest Service, I’d work a 10 hour day of survey, run 2 miles to the gym, cram a strength session and WOD in, and finish with another 2 mile run four days a week.  Mind you I was single at this point in my life, so my list of responsibilities was low.  But even now with a family, I still make it a priority to finish each work day with some type of physical activity.  I highly recommend setting the bar early in your session.  Spend the first two weeks putting in an hour of physical activity every day after work.  Get your body used to a longer than average day, increased physical demands, and you’ll be so much better for it.  You’ll see the 3PM slump disappear and have larger energy stores for after work activities.

As a plus, CrossFit, much like archaeology, has been an amazing way for me to meet people.  CrossFit affiliates are spread across the globe and in a field that can send you to some unfamiliar places, it’s nice to be able to find a CrossFit gym almost anywhere you go.  Currently, there are more than 10,000 CrossFit gyms world-wide.  There’s a pretty good chance you’re within a few miles of one now.  For those who bum around or travel for work, this is a great way to find a community.  Even if CrossFit isn’t your thing there are plenty of 24 hour, judgment free, treadmill stocked fitness establishments around the globe.  So my second suggestion is to stay physically active for your next field session.

The rest of my in between time is filled with things to help flesh out my skill spectrum and satiate personal curiosity.  Some of these are related to archaeology, others dwell in a whole different realm.  I’ve taken a variety of jobs to fill the voids since I started doing field work.  I’ve worked as a public relations and marketing director (a job that above all taught me that I don’t want to ever be public relations and marketing director).  I’ve hosted Star Wars trivia nights at a brewery.  I’ve worked in a patent office.  I’ve performed contracting work… something that I quite enjoyed and a prime example of seizing on a longstanding curiosity.  The decision to slide into that position was multifaceted: it was steady work, my employer was on board with my need for time off when field work called, and it provided me with the opportunity to learn a surplus of new skills.  In the end, I soaked up a great deal of information about general contracting and even built a house from the ground up (bucket list).  Hopefully, at some point in the near future, I’ll be a home owner myself.  Having the skills to tackle plumbing problems, install drywall, and mud like a boss will save me money in the long run.


Therefore, my last suggestion is to always be learning.  This doesn’t have to be a completely new craft, hell; you can hone the skills you already have.  Be completely unoriginal and practice flintknapping.  Sure, 90% of all archaeologists do this, but there is a reason.  Knapping is cathartic and it is a great lens through which you can establish better artifact interpretation.  But if you don’t have access to good source materials or prehistoric archaeology makes you cringe, there are other ways to stock your memory palace with quality furniture.  Volunteer at a local historical society, museum, or library and familiarize yourself with the history and resources of the area whilst helping someplace that is likely a non-profit and probably needs hands-on support.  Pick up freeware GIS software and brush up on your mapping skills.  The possibilities are as broad and as varied as your imagination.

Hopefully you’ll find this helpful.  I’d love to hear what you do in the off-season and whether you agree or disagree with any of what was said above.  If you have questions, I’d love to a chance to answer those as well, or point you towards someone who can.  Feel free to leave something in the comments below or reach out to me on Twitter @sexyarchaeology.

Archaeology Survey

Attention New York State Archaeologists: A survey is being conducted as part of a graduate archaeology dissertation project assessing certain current aspects of archaeology in New York State as of the end of 2015. If you have the opportunity to identify some contemporary archaeological practices and experiences in New York State, your involvement in them, and to express your preferences and opinions regarding them, please click the link below. Open till 15 Apr 2016.


Questionnaire: Blogging about archaeology

Dear readers:

Fleur Schinning of Leiden University in the Netherlands is researching the use of blogs and social media within archaeology as outreach methods. The goal of this research is to gain insight in how blogs and social media can improve the accessibility of archaeology, primarily focusing on the target group young adults.

Below is the link to a questionnaire. Answering the questions will not take more than 5 minutes. Your answers are processed confidentially and anonymously and will not be used for any other purpose than this research.

Additionally, all participants of the questionnaire will have a chance to win 6 issues of Archaeology Magazine (www.archaeology.org). If you would like a chance to win this, please fill in your e-mail address at the end of the questionnaire.

Thank you for your participation!


SUBMERGED FORTRESS OF DOOM: An island fort under the St. Lawrence River

Check out this post on the remains of Fort Royale in the St. Lawrence River.


My concept sketch of how the fort would have looked on Isle Royale in 1759. A concept sketch of how the fort would have looked on Isle Royale in 1759.

Flooded by the St. Lawrence Seaway project, the remains of the island fort are currently underwater. Flooded by the St. Lawrence Seaway project, whatever remains of the 1759 island fort are currently underwater.

A 250 year old island stronghold underwater near Prescott, On

Driving south of Ottawa on the 416 for about an hour you can cross the border into the United States over a bridge which spans the St. Lawrence River near Prescott. Like thousands of others travelers, I’ve crossed the suspension bridge at a great height over the water and islands below, gazing in wonder at the mighty river that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes. But it is only now that I am discovering there is a submerged fortress island of great historical significance in the waters below.


When you think about old forts in the area, you usually think of Fort Henry in Kingston, but…

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New York State Archaeological Association 99th Annual Meeting & Conference


New York State Archaeological Association 99th Annual Meeting & Conference

May 1-3, 2015
Ramada Inn, Watertown, NY

The Finger Lakes and Thousand Islands Chapters are proud to host the 99th Annual Meeting & Conference of the New York State Archaeological Association and the annual Fall meeting of the New York Archaeological Council. NYAC will meet Friday. The NYSAA annual business meeting will be Friday evening, with the paper presentations Saturday and Sunday morning. The annual banquet, awards ceremony and special guest speaker will be held Saturday evening. Our special guest speaker for Saturday evening’s banquet will be Dr. Darrin Lowery, topic TBA. All events will be at the Ramada Inn, conveniently located at Exit 45 off I-81.

Call for Papers

This is an open call for papers for anyone interested in submitting abstracts for papers or posters on any subject of interest in the archaeology of New York and adjoining regions. Presentations should not exceed 20 minutes in length. One paper/poster per presenter- although individuals may coauthor multiple papers. All presenters must register for the conference. Abstracts, authors, affiliation and AV preferences must be received by March 1, 2015 for consideration.

Call for Papers Submission Information

Meeting registration must be pre-paid by April 1, 2015, or your paper will be dropped from the program. Please send your title, abstract, A/V preference and contact address to: Wendy Bacon.


The registration form can be found here.

Call to Arms: Please ask Channel 4 to Commission a Special ‘One-Off’ Dig in memory of Mick Aston


When studying at the University of Bristol, I had the distinct pleasure of working with Mick Aston both in the classroom and on Time Team.  Mick was a fantastic individual; brimming with knowledge, incredibly outgoing, and a genuinely nice person.

Lee Brady recently started a change.org petition encouraging the UK’s Channel 4 to produce a one-off televised dig in memory of Mick.  Time Team, which ran for an astounding 20 season, was axed by Channel 4 in 2013.  This presentation would be an outstanding way to pay tribute to Mick, a man whose legacy as both a professor and a professional should not be forgotten.

Please take the time to follow the link below and support this fantastic petition.

Sign the petition here.

Afterwards, be sure to share your support on social media.  Visit the Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/RipMickAston) and tag your posts with #Dig4Mick.

Book Recommendation: The Dead Travel Fast

thedeadtravelfastRoughly a year ago, I reviewed Skendleby, a mindblowing archaeo-horror/mystery by archaeologist and author Nick Brown.  I’m thrilled to say that the second book in his Ancient Gramarye series, The Dead Travel Fast, is now available for public consumption.

Now I really despise spoilers and I’d hate to give away too many details of this novel’s well weaved plot.  I’ll do my best to tease the central story and fill you in on what kept me turning pages late into the night.

The story picks up some time after the events of Skendleby.  Archaeologist Steve Watkins has relocated to the island of Samos, off the coast of Greece, in a last ditch effort to put the horrors of the previous year behind him.  Unbeknownst he’s traded one mystical calamity for another.  As he soon learns, Samos is being plagued by a series of brutal ritualistic murders, which as you can imagine Steve is bound to become embroiled in.  Steve is joined by a cast of interesting new characters, as well as some old familiars.  Theodrakis, a detective working to solve the murders, is a new entry and shares the stage with Steve in this novel.  He’s a tortured man facing an uphill battle with a supernatural foe and dastardly co-workers.  Brown’s characters are gritty and real, constantly drawing the short straw but never giving up.  Equally important is the island of Samos, which Brown proves he has an intimate familiarity with.  Samos history and environment are every bit as important to the plot as is the cast of characters who inhabit the island.

It is no secret that Brown knits his personal experiences into each story.  His knowledge of Ancient Greek culture was on full display in Luck Bringer.  This novel, too, uses the mythos and history of Ancient Greek as a foundation while capturing the modern day socio-economic turmoil currently eating away at Greece.  Brown weaves his fictional narrative around these pillars to create a story that gets progressively worse for the beleaguered protagonists.  All the better read for us!  If Skendelby set the bar for this series, The Dead Travel Fast, raises the bar by dropping the floor out from under you.

I’m anxiously awaiting the third entry into the series to see what additional miseries Brown can pour into his characters’ lives.  The Dead Travel Fast is published by Clink Street Publishing and is available via online retailers in paperback and for e-readers.  You can get your copy by clicking here: The Dead Travel Fast (Ancient Gramarye)

Aluminum Debris Identified as Amelia Earhart Artifact


A piece of aluminum recovered from Nikumaroro, an uninhabited atoll in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, has been identified to a high degree of certainty as a patch that had been applied to Amelia Earhart’s Lockheed Electra on a stop during her attempt to circumnavigate the globe. The repair can been seen in a photograph published in the Miami Herald on June 1, 1937. The aluminum debris was discovered on the island in 1991 by researchers from The International Group for Historic Aircraft Recovery (TIGHAR). They compared the patch’s dimensions and features with the window of a Lockheed Electra being restored at Wichita Air Services in Newton, Kansas. “Its complex fingerprint of dimensions, proportions, materials and rivet patterns was as unique to Earhart’s Electra as a fingerprint is to an individual,” Rick Gillespie, executive director of TIGHAR, told Discovery News. He adds that the piece of the plane provides strong circumstantial evidence that Earhart and her navigator, Fred Noonan, landed on Nikumaroro’s coral reef and eventually died there as castaways. TIGHAR will continue to look for wreckage of the lost aircraft, thought to have washed into the ocean, next summer, beginning at a possible site 600 feet underwater.

Source: Archaeology.org

Franklin expedition ship found in Arctic ID’d as HMS Erebus

The wrecked Franklin expedition ship found last month in the Arctic has been identified as HMS Erebus.

Prime Minister Stephen Harper confirmed the news Wednesday in the House of Commons.

“I am delighted to confirm that we have identified which ship from the Franklin expedition has been found. It is in fact the HMS Erebus,” Harper said in response to a question from Conservative Yukon MP Ryan Leef.

Harper noted the discovery has been of “interest to Canadians across the country and people around the world.”

Two ships, HMS Erebus and HMS Terror, were part of Sir John Franklin’s doomed expedition in 1845 to find the Northwest Passage from the Atlantic Ocean to Asia.

The ships disappeared after they became locked in ice in 1846 and were missing for more than a century and a half until last month’s discovery by a group of public-private searchers led by Parks Canada. It was not known until now which of the two ships had been found.

Franklin commanded the expedition from the Erebus and is believed to have been on the ship when he died. The wreck of HMS Terror has not yet been found.

Underwater archeologists confirm identity

Parks Canada underwater archeologists have been conducting dives at the site of the wreck since the discovery was made.

In a release, the Prime Minister’s Office said the confirmation of the ship’s identity was made Sept. 30 by those Parks Canada scientists, following a “meticulous review of data and artifacts” from the seabed and using high-resolution photo and video along with sonar measurements.

Ryan Harris, a senior underwater archeologist with Parks Canada and the lead on the project, was the first to venture down to the wreck along with his colleague Jonathan Moore.

“Without a doubt it is the most extraordinary shipwreck I’ve ever had the privilege of diving on,” Harris told CBC News on Parliament Hill Wednesday.

Harris said he was able to drop down between the exposed beams of the wreck and “peer around” some of the interior, including the crew’s mess. The pair could see below decks through old skylights and other openings but did not penetrate the interior of the ship.

“Most of our investigations have been external to this point in time,” he said.

Parks Canada two-man teams conducted seven dives in all for about 12 hours of investigation so far, Harris said.

Where is Franklin?

One question on many observers’ minds is whether Franklin’s body might be found on the wreck. It is not known whether Franklin perished on board or was given some kind of burial at sea before his men abandoned ship.

“We do know that he passed away in June of 1847, but the terse note left by the crew after they deserted the ships in Victoria Strait didn’t say what happened and why he died, but I suppose anything is possible,” Harris said.

“There are all kinds of suggestions that he may have been buried on shore, perhaps buried at sea, or perhaps he is still on the ship somewhere. Hopefully archeological investigations will be able to identify the answer to that question in the years to come.”

The last members of the Franklin expedition are believed to have faced starvation, disease and possibly cannibalism before their deaths in the Arctic.

The government’s partners in the search for Franklin’s ships this summer included Parks Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, the Canadian Coast Guard, the Royal Canadian Navy, Defence Research and Development Canada, Environment Canada and the Canadian Space Agency, as well as the governments of Nunavut and Great Britain.

From CBC.ca